Autism, symptoms, and treatment

Autism now a day’s appear to affect an estimated one of every five hundred children, what it is? Autism is impairment in communication skills, social interactions and restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behaviour.

Sign & Detects:

The autism can often be reliably detected by the age of 3 years, and in some cases as early as 18 months. Parents are usually the first to notice unusual behaviour in their child. The first sign of Autism can be appear in child who seems to have been developing normally.  When an engaging babbling toddler suddenly becomes silent, withdrawn, self-abusing or indifferent to social overtures something is wrong.

Children with Autism are deficits in
a) social interaction

b) Verbal & non-verbal communication

c) Repetitive behaviour or interests.

There are often unusual responses to sensory experience, such as certain sounds or the way objects look. They will present in each individual child differently.

Autism is defined by a certain set of behaviour that can range from the very mild to the server.


  • Does not able to point or make meaningful gestures by 1 year of age.
  • Does not speak one word by 16 months.
  • Does not combine two words by 2 years
  • Does not respond to name
  • Loses language or social skills

Some other Indicator:

  • Poor eye contact
  • Doesn’t seem to know how to play with toys.
  • Excessively lines up toys or other objects.
  • Is attached to one particular toy or object
  • Doesn’t smile
  • At times seems to be hearing impaired.

Social Symptoms:

People with Autism have difficulty seeing things from another person’s perspective. Most 5 years old understand that other people have different information, feeling and goals than they have. A person with Autism may lack such understanding. This inability leaves them unable to predict or understand other person’s actions.

Seizures: One in four children with Autism develops seizures, often starting either in early childhood or adolescence seizures, caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain can produce a temporary less of consciousness (a “blackout”), a body convulsion, unusual movements or staring spells. Sometime a contributing factor is a lack of sleep or a high fever.

Fragile X Syndrome:  this disorder is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It was so named because one part of X chromosome has a defective piece that appears finched and fragile when under a microscope.

Diagnosis: In evaluating a child, clinicians rely on behavioural characteristics to make a diagnosis. The diagnosis requires a two-stage process. The first stage involves developmental screening during “well child”   check-ups; the second stage entails a comprehensive evaluation a multidisciplinary team.

Screening: A “well-child” check-up should include a developmental screening test. Several screening  instruments have been developed to quickly gather info about a child’s social and communicative development within medical settings. Among them are M-Chat, STAT, SCQ & etc.

Comp. Diagnostic Evaluation: This evaluation may be done by a multidisciplinary team that includes a psychologist, a neurologist, a psychiatrist, a speech therapist, or other professional who diagnose children with Autism

Treatment: There is no single best treatment package for Autism. One point that most professional agree on this that early intervention is important. Some treatment plans that can give result in this:

  1. Applied Behavioural Analysis
  2. Speech Therapy
  3. Occupational Therapy
  4. Social Skill Therapy
  5. Physical Therapy
  6. Play Therapy
  7. Behaviour Therapy
  8. Developmental Therapy
  9. Visually-Based Therapy
  10. Bio-medical Therapy

Besides all these therapies parents involvements is must.

Article Credit : Dr. Divya Srivastava ( Clinical Psychologist )

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